Quick Answer: What Questions Are Asked In A HIA?

What does a HIA involve?


The HIA tool is designed to assist Team Doctors assess head injury where the diagnosis is not immediately apparent.

The Team Doctor should continue to monitor all athletes who have had a negative HIA during and after the game for symptoms and signs of a delayed concussion..

What are Lateralizing signs in head injury?

Beyond the GCS, lateralizing signs should be sought out by noting the following: • Pupil size; • Symmetry and reaction to light; • Movement in all four limbs; • Deep tendon reflexes; and • Plantar responses.

Can doctors tell if you fake a concussion?

MYTH: You can “cheat” the concussion tests. If your balance is affected by concussion (as it is 50% of the time), you will not be able to fake a good balance test. More modern baseline tests have internal surveillance for unexpected bad performance that can flag a test to be repeated.

How long after hitting head can concussion symptoms start?

Some people experience concussion-related headaches up to seven days after a brain injury. Post-traumatic vertigo. Some people experience a sense of spinning or dizziness for days, weeks or months after a brain injury.

What is the HIA test in NRL?

This is a series of checks used in elite rugby (at both professional and Test level) to determine whether or not an athlete is suffering from concussion and may or may not return to the field of play.

How many subs can a rugby team have?

7 substitutionsAround the world, Rugby Union has a far broader reach than Rugby League. * Each side has 15 players, and 7 substitutions are allowed. * When a player is tackled, the ball can be picked up by any player from any team, so long as they are on their feet.

What is the concussion test?

Concussion tests are used to assess brain function after a head injury. A type of concussion test, called a baseline test, is often used for athletes who play contact sports, a common cause of concussion. A baseline concussion test is used on non-injured athletes before the start of a sports season.

What is involved in a HIA test?

The HIA 1 has four components and they are: a) 11 immediate and permanent removal criteria (known as Criteria 1 indications) AND b) an off-field screening tool AND c) pitch-side video review AND d) clinical evaluation by the attending doctor Page 2 Head Injury Assessment (HIA) Protocol 2 The HIA1 assessment is …

How long is a HIA in rugby?

12 minutesWorld Rugby’s Executive Committee, have amended Law 3, with immediate effect, to make any Head Injury Assessment (HIA) test last 12 minutes. This is a rise from the previous time of ten minutes.

How do you assess a head injury?

Assessment of the head injury patient should include airway, cervical spine protection, breathing, circulation, and haemorrhage control followed by the GCS. The GCS score should be used in the assessment of all patients with head injury by trained healthcare providers.

Which part of the head is the most sensitive?

The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is the most susceptible region of the frontal lobes to injury. Neuroscientists divide the brain into areas for study. This is called cytoarchitecture of the human cortex.

Why are there uncontested scrums?

Uncontested scrums as a result of a sending off, temporary suspension or injury must be played with eight players per side. … If the referee is informed that the team will not be able to contest the scrum, then the referee orders uncontested scrums.

What does test mean in rugby?

A test match in rugby union is an international match, usually played between two senior national teams, that is recognised as such by at least one of the teams’ national governing bodies.

What are the concussion protocol questions?

10 concussion questions to ask 1-4Do you remember what happened? … Did you give you a headache? … Did you black out? … Did a certified athletic trainer or doctor see you soon after the injury? … Did your school/team give you a baseline test? … Do you feel tired or fatigued a lot more than usual? … Any nausea? … How’s your vision?More items…•

What are the 4 categories of concussion symptoms?

The signs and symptoms of concussion reported within 1 to 7 days post injury (see Table 3-3) typically fall into four categories—physical (somatic), cognitive, emotional (affective), and sleep—and patients will experience one or more symptoms from one or more categories.

How can I tell if a head injury is mild or severe?

Mild head injury:Raised, swollen area from a bump or a bruise.Small, superficial (shallow) cut in the scalp.Headache.Sensitivity to noise and light.Irritability.Confusion.Lightheadedness and/or dizziness.Problems with balance.More items…

How do eyes look when you have a concussion?

After more serious head injuries are excluded, a diagnosis of concussion can be made. Medical professionals have long used the pupillary light reflex—usually in the form of a penlight test where they shine a light into a patient’s eyes—to assess severe forms of brain injury.