Is Selective Mutism On The Autism Spectrum?

What triggers selective mutism?

The cause, or causes, are unknown.

Most experts believe that children with the condition inherit a tendency to be anxious and inhibited.

Most children with selective mutism have some form of extreme social fear (phobia).

Parents often think that the child is choosing not to speak..

Do speech therapists treat selective mutism?

Selective mutism is defined in the DSM-V as a psychiatric disorder. However, selective mutism is also a disorder of communication. For that reason, a psychologist or psychiatrist must work together with a speech-language pathologist to provide treatment for a child with selective mutism.

Is selective mutism a choice?

But the favoured term, at least in the UK, has since changed to “selective mutism” to reflect the fact that for many, their inability to talk in some situations does not feel like a choice.

Does selective mutism go away?

Selective mutism typically does not go away on its own, and in fact can lead to worsened anxiety and social difficulty if not addressed. Treatment requires a cohesive plan between home and school to produce lasting change.

Who can diagnose selective mutism?

A pediatrician, speech-language pathologist, and a psychologist may work together to diagnose and treat the condition. Your child might need a set of different types of treatment. With treatment, most children overcome selective mutism.

Is selective mutism a mental illness?

Selective Mutism is a complex childhood anxiety disorder characterized by a child’s inability to speak and communicate effectively in select social settings, such as school. These children are able to speak and communicate in settings where they are comfortable, secure, and relaxed.

How serious is selective mutism?

Selective mutism is a severe anxiety disorder where a person is unable to speak in certain social situations, such as with classmates at school or to relatives they do not see very often. It usually starts during childhood and, if left untreated, can persist into adulthood.

What are signs of selective mutism?

Other symptoms of selective mutism can include the following:excessive shyness.social isolation.fear of embarrassment in front of a group.clinging to caregivers.temper tantrums.oppositional behavior.compulsive traits.negativity.

Can a teenager develop selective mutism?

Girls and boys are both likely to develop this disorder. Symptoms usually appear before the age of five but may become discernable at the beginning of school. Children with selective mutism often have another anxiety disorder, most often a social anxiety disorder.

Is selective mutism a type of autism?

Myth 5: Selective mutism is a form of autism. However, children with selective mutism act differently across situations. They are often very social and talkative within comfortable situations, but shy and quiet in others. In contrast, children with autism tend to act the same across all types of situations.

Is selective mutism in the DSM 5?

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), selective mutism is diagnosed in individuals who fail to speak when expected to during social interaction.

How do you help someone with selective mutism?

DOs & DON’Ts for Interacting with Those with Selective MutismAllow for warm-up time.Monitor the child’s body language.Talk “around” the child at first with focus on parents or siblings.Get down on the child’s level and focus on a prop.Ask choice and direct questions to the child with focus on the prop.Allow for hesitation.Re-ask questions if needed.More items…•

At what age is selective mutism diagnosis?

Selective mutism occurs between ages three and six but social phobia typically manifests between ages 11 and 13. Since social phobia requires a certain degree of cognitive development, the early onset of selective mutism is inconsistent with the development necessary to be considered social phobia.

Do children with selective mutism grow out of it?

Can kids grow out of SM? Experts don’t know how many children with selective mutism will grow out of the disorder. But what we do know is that treating it becomes much harder the older a child is, so it is extremely important not to put off treatment.

Is selective mutism a special educational need?

Childhood Anxiety Disorder in Tamarac, Florida All too often, children experiencing Selective Mutism are evaluated and placed into special education programs in public schools. … Selective Mutism is not a Learning disability, Emotional disturbance, nor a Speech/Language impairment.

Can a child be nonverbal and not autistic?

But some people with autism may not speak at all. In fact, as many as 40 percent of children with ASD are nonverbal.